The most common nail infection is caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria which enters nails that have been damaged by nail biting, finger sucking, nail trimming, dishwashing and chemicals. People living with diabetes are also prone to paronychia. This infection, which can be as a result of a fungal invasion, is characterized by; swelling around the nail, pus collection, redness, pain and tenderness on touch. Fungi flourish in warm, moist environment, and can be spread from one infected person to another if disinfected manicure or pedicure tools are shared. Nails infected with fungi can result in a permanent loss of the affected nail or even discoloration.
Nail protection measures
Over-the-counter nail disease treatment products like ZetaClear found on http://zetaclearaustralia.net/ may prove to be efficient; most doctors endorse the use of oral antifungal drugs, e.g. terbinafine, itraconazole, fluconazole, etc. Since fungus thrives best in dark warm and wet environments, it is important to avoid wearing pantyhose or rubber gloves for long periods or shun from putting them overnight. Sprinkling a little amount of antibacterial foot powder on the feet and inside the shoes keeps one’s feet clean and dry. Stress weakens the immune system, making nails more susceptible to fungal infection; therefore the individual should manage his/her stress with physical activities, meditation or undergoing behavioral therapy sessions.
Preventing toenail fungus spread can be achieved through the following measures; dry your feet properly after washing them and before putting on your shoes, don’t reach past the toe tip while cutting nails to avoid damaging the tissues beneath the nails, wear fitting shoes to allow the feet some space to breath, and change socks once the feet become damp. Podiatrists urge infected parties to try debridement which removes thickened nail portions to allow penetration of topical medications such as fungoid tincture. Eliminating already established infection is difficult. It’s therefore advisable to adhere carefully to a treatment plan.